Jan 25

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Types & Treatment of Obsessive Compulsive Disorders (OCD)


Types & Treatment of Obsessive Compulsive Behavior

Types & Treatment of Obsessive Compulsive Disorders (OCD)

In many cases of OCD there are often other co-existing disorders such as an eating disorder, bipolar disorder, depression or anxiety. Most people affected with OCD were found to have experienced the symptoms as early as their childhood years. I know that is true for me.

Research also reveals that genes play a huge factor in the likelihood of development of OCD in an individual. Given this genetic predisposition, people who are born into families with parents or siblings who have OCD are themselves at high risk of suffering from the same condition.

However, OCD can affect anyone at anytime, not just those with a family history of OCD. Individuals who are diagnosed with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder fall into any of the following categories:

* Checkers: These individuals often check certain things for fear of harm or danger. They repeatedly check their stoves, door locks, or light switches etc.

* Hoarders: These people think that something negative is going to happen if they decide to throw away anything. This leads them to hoard a lot of things, even those that are obviously unimportant and unneeded, such as garbage.

* Counters or Arrangers: People with this type of OCD see to it that everything around them is symmetrical or following a specific order. Anything abstract just doesn’t fit into their lifestyle.

*Washers: These people are extremely afraid of germs and being contaminated with any disease. They want everything to be completely clean and therefore wash their hands often to get rid of germs.

* Doubters: They believe that something bad will happen if a certain thing is not done correctly or perfectly.

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder in Children

Yes children & teens can have OCD.  Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder usually starts in childhood or adolescence. However, there are also children who manifest several symptoms that are similar to OCD.  Autism, ADD and Tourette’s syndrome are a few examples of conditions that have OCD-like symptoms.

Therefore, it is imperative that a proper and thorough evaluation, including psychological and medical lab tests, be done first before coming to a final diagnosis.

Treatments for Obsessive-Compulsive Behavior

An individual with OCD must understand that although anti-depressant medications can be used as part of the treatment, these drugs may pose serious risks to one’s health. Children, teenagers and adults with OCD should exhaust all types of natural treatments first before resorting to anti-depressant medications.

Every anti-depressant medicine has a warning label about its side-effects. Studies have shown that these antidepressant medications may lead people to have suicidal thoughts and put the person at risk of suicide. Anyone who decides to take antidepressants must work closely with their doctor to watch for side effects. If a loved one is taking antidepressants, make sure to monitor them closely.

Some people’s OCD symptoms may come and go, while others suffer with symptoms that worsen over a period of time. Others are also fortunate enough to find the symptoms slowly easing away especially after undergoing proper treatment.

Severe cases of OCD will make it difficult for a person to lead a normal life as the symptoms interfere with their ability to achieve the level of productivity required from them at work or at home. Some people with OCD would prefer to avoid those things and places that will trigger their symptoms. Others choose to indulge in alcohol or drug abuse to be able to cope with their OCD symptoms.

I have found for myself,  anti-depressants help control my OCD symptoms.   When I have tried to go down on my dose, my symptoms return.  When I stay at the recommended dosage, my symptoms disappear like magic.  For myself, I feel there has to be some sort of neurotransmitter affected.   I like life so much more with my symptoms controlled and I am sure my family does too!

The most important thing is to seek out a mental health practitioner and let them work with you on therapies for your OCD.   You may find cognitive treatments that can help without medication.

Stay tuned for OCD in Children & Teens

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